Top-down or Bottom-Up ? Agriculture is a State subject and implementation of schemes is being devolved to panchayath level. Hence any policy formulation should have started with discussions at the lowest units of planning and development – the panchayath, and moving up to the States and finally at the Central level. Ultimately state government and panchayats are responsible for implementing any such policies. Now, in this draft policy there are inherent difficulties to make drastic changes, especially to incorporate the concerns of states like Kerala. The top-down approach also fails to recognise various experiences at the farmer level and much of these newer experiences are excellent, diverse and sustainable models, but have not been captured in the policy.